Whiteheads and blackheads refer to closed and open comedomes, which are a form of acne. To be more precise, there are two categories of acne: pimples and cysts in one group, and whiteheads and blackheads in the other.
Comedomes are not as blatant symptoms of acne, as pimples or cysts, but most certainly should be addressed. Usually they are more common and numerous on the face and shoulders, or back.
Acne appears as a result of an inflammation caused by the excessive sebum (skin oil) which clogs the skin pores.
Blackheads, or open comedomes, are actually hair follicles that are opened wider than regular folicles. They are filled with plugs of sebum and dead skin cells deposits, and undergo a chemical process which results in an oxidation of the melanin. This reaction gives the typical black color of the substance in the hair folicle.
Whiteheads, or closed comedomes, are hair folicles closed with the sebum, but unlike blackheads, they have only a microscopic opening to the skin surface. The air can not reach to the substance in the folicle, so it does not oxidize, and remains white.
How To Treat Blackheads And Whiteheads
Persistence and patience are the key factors when treating acne. You will most certainly not find an overnight cure for comedomes, both closed and open. The only real way to solve this type of a skin problem is to do a treatment that will prevent acne from forming.
The treatment starts from your inside, and you can also use some topical cleaning agents, in a form of face wash or gel, which can control the bacteria and remove any dead skin cells, and if used regularly can sure help you improve your skin health.
Carefully choose the products, since some can claim that they treat acne, but what these do is just diminish the symptoms. The cleaning agents can never replace the treatment that actually treats the original problem, but can sure be used in conjunction with these treatments.
Treating and preventing acne is the only way to get the results desired, on a long term base, because you will help the body control the sebaceous glands and the secretion of sebum. You can also help your body to win this battle by doing some effective and natural skincare practices, which are able to reduce the inflammation caused by the excess sebum, dead skin cells and bacteria.
Contrary to the popular belief, food and dirty skin do not cause acne, so proper hygiene and healthy lifestyle can help you, but they can not help you get rid of acne completely. Aggressive scrubbing will certainly not help you — it can irritate the skin even more, causing inflammation and abrasions perfect for the bacteria, or just stimulate the skin activate its self-protecting mechanism and produce more skin oil.
Skincare Regimen For Comedomes
First, think of the perfect skincare routine — what would suit your skin most, and follow that regimen regularly. Clean your skin with a mild, non comedogenic cleanser, and regularly use chamomile astringent. You can occasionally dab on witch hazel on the affected area, and apply skin masks to remove any excess sebum and dead skin cells, and thus prevent the buildup of oil in the folicles.
Using metal extractor, squeezing with fingers or suction are some of the most frequently used methods of blackhead removal
Even though they might be successful and remove the blockages, sometimes these methods can leave scars and permanent damage of the capillary blood vessels (tiny blood vessels that bring blood, nutrients and oxygen to the skin cells) and the skin tissue, which over time can deplete the skin of its natural oils and speed up the skin aging process.
In addition to this, different kinds of face wash and face scrub products (emphasizing those that contain oily substances or beads, crystals, grated nuts and other exfoliating agents) can actually cause more damage by the deposition of clogging agents on the skin, and also by making the skin more susceptible to bacteria, that will sure settle in those unwanted abrasions and cause an infection.
Egg White And Lemon Mask
Lemon juice is the most powerful natural aid when it comes to eliminating oil and bacteria. It can clear away the blackheads, tighten the skin pores and even lighten sun and hyperpigmentation spots. Egg white also brightens and tightens the skin, giving the feeling of being lifted, so the skin pores will sure be smaller after applying this mask.
Egg whites can also aid in clearing up some old breakouts. Be sure to apply this mask after you have cleaned your face, and never use it if you have applied some other mask that day.
- 1 egg white (be sure that the yolk and white are completely separated)
- 1 teaspoon of fresh lemon juice (organic)
You also need a small bowl and thick cosmetic brush with natural hair — do not use plastic brushes! For easier application, use a flat and broad bristle. Always wash the brush before using it. Rinse your face with hot water only (no soap or face wash.)
Use an eggbeater or a simple fork and mix the egg white and lemon juice until you get a smooth texture.
Apply the mask on a clean face using a brush. Cover the entire face — be careful not to touch the area around your eyes. If it still enters your eyes, rinse well with warm water immediately.
If you have enough, you can also apply a second layer of the mask.
Leave it for 20-25 minutes.
You can remove the mask when it dries on your face. Peel it using your fingers.
Chamomile astringent provides the perfect finish.